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Cobra

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Cobra (or COBRA, but never CoBrA, which is a later invention of critics and art historians), was founded in Paris on November 8, 1948 by artists and poets from Belgium, Denmark, and the Netherlands, who cultivated a northern artistic...

Les Lèvres Nues

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

4

... lettre. Further Reading Xavier Canonne (2013) Marcel Mariën: Le Passager clandestin. Antwerp: Pandora Publishers/Ronny van de Velde. Guy Debord (2015) Lettres à Marcel Mariën. S.l.: La Nerthe. Steven Harris (2007) “The End of Surrealism...

Revolutionary Surrealism

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

3

... and conduct of the Communist Party, and had done so from Breton’s text “Légitime Défense” (1926) onwards (Harris, 2004: 49–136). The revolutionary surrealists renounced this possibility when they conceded political leadership to the Party under...

Asger Jorn

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The Danish artist and theoretician Asger Jorn had a longstanding though critical relation to surrealist ideas and practices, which is most evident in his art and writing between 1937 and 1951. An interest in and engagement with surrealism...

Canada

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The history of surrealism in Canada begins in the late 1930s, with visits by Arlette and Kurt Seligmann to the Kispiox band in northern British Columbia in 1938, and of Wolfgang Paalen, Alice Rahon, and Eva Sulzer to British Columbia...

Phases

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The Phases movement was founded in Paris in 1952 by Édouard (1924–2006) and Simone Jaguer (who exhibited and published as Anne Éthuin, 1921–2009). The Jaguers were the principal animators of Phases throughout its existence, though...

Contre-Attaque

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

3

... to create a mass movement (point 13): Bataille and Breton, 2013: 87; Harris, 2004: 150 We have observed that nationalist reaction in other countries has been able to profit from the political arms created by the workers’ movement: we intend...

College of ’Pataphysics

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Pataphysics as a term was introduced to the public in Les Jours et les nuits (Days and Nights), a novel by Alfred Jarry published in 1897, and it was defined in Gestes et opinions du docteur Faustroll, pataphysicien (Exploits and Opinions...

Robert Lebel

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

2

...Introduction The son of a furniture-maker, Robert Lebel was born into the artisanal class in Paris, and studied art history at the École du Louvre before graduating with a diploma (equivalent to a master’s degree) in 1928. He made...

Belgium

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The surrealist adventure in Belgium has been one of the more longstanding in the history of the movement, from the 1920s to the present. The group in Brussels that announced its affiliation to the surrealist movement in 1926 was joined...