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Madness

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The surrealists’ relationship to madness was fraught with complications and complexities, so much so that it may be best summarized by Salvador Dalí’s remark that the only difference between himself and a madman was that he was not mad...

Automatism

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

2

...In 1889, Pierre Janet published L’automatisme psychologique, a work based on his clinical research with patients diagnosed as hysterics. Janet had observed them exhibiting both a “primary” and a “secondary consciousness,” in such a manner...

History

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The surrealists’ relationship to history is marked by ambivalence, as evidenced for example in their protean, sometimes conflicting, assessments of historical figures. Consequently, surrealism did not produce a unified theory of history...

Animals

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

2

...The urban milieu of the city of Paris was both the physical and in no small way the symbolic backdrop against which surrealism unfolded. Its centrality is famously codified in Aragon’s Paris Peasant and Breton’s Nadja as well...