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Michel Carrouges

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Carrouges became fascinated by surrealism during World War II, when he started collecting material for a book on the subject. Becoming friendly with Breton on his return from the Americas, he joined the group and published his study André...

Václav Tikal

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...A member of the Ra group during and in the immediate aftermath of the war, Václav Tikal was a painter who joined the Prague group when it was re-formed in 1951 and contributed to the samizdat albums Signs of the Zodiac and Object. Haunted...

Humphrey Jennings

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Humphrey Jennings is now best remembered for the series of documentary films he made during World War II, films that caused Lindsay Anderson in 1954 to call Jennings “the only real poet the British cinema has yet produced” (in Jennings...

Maurice Blanchard

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Unhappy Childhood and Adolescence Spent in a Factory and the Army Maurice Blanchard was an aeronautical engineer and poet linked to surrealism without actively participating in the movement except during the World War II when he...

Nikos Engonopoulos

Nikos Stabakis

Nikos Stabakis is a translator, writer, and film theorist and a founding member of the Athens surrealist group. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Nikos Engonopoulos was the first Greek surrealist painter, although he is probably most remembered for his poetry. His first two collections attained an emblematic status in Greek culture as the epitome of absurdist humour; while his third...

Pierre Unik

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...A member of the Parisian group from 1927 to 1932, when he became one of those to abandon it for communism, Unik is best known for collaborating with Buñuel in the making the movie Las Hurdes. He also wrote the script of La vie est à nous...

Lee Miller

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...When Lee Miller died in 1977, her obituary in The Times was brief: “Lady Penrose, wife of Sir Roland Penrose, Chairman of the Institute of Contemporary Arts, died on July 21. She was Lee Miller, an American who had been a photographer...

Death

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...“Surrealism will introduce you to death, which is a secret society.” These enigmatic words from the Manifesto of Surrealism mark an important aspect of early surrealism. Breton’s sentence is followed by another that is equally enigmatic...

La Main à Plume

Krzysztof Fijalkowski

Krzysztof Fijalkowski is Professor of Visual Culture at Norwich University of the Arts, UK, and has published widely on international surrealism. As an artist and writer, he has also participated in the activities of contemporary surrealist groups. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The story of French surrealism during the Occupation is one of the more intriguing but neglected chapters in the history of the movement, and despite the publication of a comprehensive history (Fauré, 1982) and anthology (Vernay and Walter,...