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Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...When, in the Second Manifesto of Surrealism, André Breton described surrealism as the tail, but only the “amazingly prehensile tail” (Breton, 1969b: 153) of romanticism, he was referring most especially to French romanticism. From...

Valentine Penrose

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Living on the edges: the life of a woman surrealist French poet and collagist Valentine Penrose was one of the first women involved in the Parisian surrealist circle in the 1920s. Born Valentine Boué to a military family, she spent her...

Paul Delvaux

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Introduction Paul Delvaux was a Belgian painter. Usually associated with surrealism and occasionally with Magical Realism, Delvaux always rejected such categorization of his work, maintaining that he only wanted to create “poetic realism.”...

Mimi Parent

Krzysztof Fijalkowski

Krzysztof Fijalkowski is Professor of Visual Culture at Norwich University of the Arts, UK, and has published widely on international surrealism. As an artist and writer, he has also participated in the activities of contemporary surrealist groups. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Mimi Parent was part of the third generation of artists and writers drawn to the Parisian surrealist group, becoming a core member of the companions around André Breton from the late 1950s until the group’s fragmentation in 1969...

Eva Švankmajerová

Krzysztof Fijalkowski

Krzysztof Fijalkowski is Professor of Visual Culture at Norwich University of the Arts, UK, and has published widely on international surrealism. As an artist and writer, he has also participated in the activities of contemporary surrealist groups. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...“The golden polished wardrobe is locked. Scattered memory does not know where the keys are. Whichever mercenary kicks the locks open and in desperation, does not understand anything – well, it will get even worse when he starts...

Meret Oppenheim

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Meret Oppenheim was among the few artists to gain approval in surrealism at an early age. The price she paid was a long-lasting reputation as a surrealist muse. Having come to Paris in 1932 to study art she met Alberto Giacometti, in whose...

Pierre Molinier

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...In 1956, on the occasion of Pierre Molinier’s first solo show at the surrealist gallery L’Étoile Scellée (Jan 27–Feb 17, 1956), André Breton wrote that when confronted by Molinier’s art, “the eye is required first of all to rid itself...

Roland Penrose

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...A painter, collagist, object-maker, poet and photographer, Roland Penrose was the introducer and organizer of surrealist activities in England from 1936 onward. Born on October 14, 1900 into a Quaker family, he had a comfortable...

Mannequins

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Introduced in the nineteenth century, at a time when commercial retailers were seeking to attract prospective consumers both inside and outside their shops, mannequins helped milliners, hairdressers, clothiers, and department stores promote...

Women in Surrealism

Michael Richardson

,

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Dawn Ades

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Dawn Ades is Professor Emerita at the University of Essex. Her publications include Dada and Surrealism (1974), Photomontage (1976), Salvador Dali (1982), Andre Masson (1994), Marcel Duchamp (with Neil Cox and David Hopkins, 1999), Surrealism in Latin America: Vivisimo muerto (with Rita Eder and Gabriela Speranza) (2012). She has curated or co-curated many major exhibitions on surrealism and linked themes. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Krzysztof Fijalkowski

,

Krzysztof Fijalkowski is Professor of Visual Culture at Norwich University of the Arts, UK, and has published widely on international surrealism. As an artist and writer, he has also participated in the activities of contemporary surrealist groups. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Steven Harris

Steven Harris is associate professor in the History of Art, Design and Visual Culture programme at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada. He writes on surrealism and related phenomena. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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and

Georges Sebbag

A writer with a doctorate in philosophy, Georges Sebbag participated in the activities of the surrealist group in Paris from 1964 to 1969. He has written texts on time and many books about surrealism. His most recent are Potence avec paratonnerre, Surréalisme et philosophie (2012) and Foucault Deleuze, Nouvelles Impressions du Surréalisme (2015). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Bibliographic Guide

...The situation of women in surrealism raises many issues and has sometimes been controversial. Critics once had a tendency to refer to the original surrealist group in France as a ‘men’s club’. It is true that there was then a preponderance...