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Marianne Van Hirtum

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...A poet and artist, Marianne Van Hirtum sent her poems to André Breton in 1953. He immediately responded favorably and in 1956 she had her first exhibition at the Adrienne Monnier gallery. She joined the Parisian group in 1958...

Bulletin de Liaison Surréaliste

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Although the “crisis” that tore the Parisian group apart had concluded by October 1969, the poet and theoretician Vincent Bounoure sent an enquiry “Nothing or What?” “to all those who don’t consider that surrealism should cease in 1966...