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Philippe Soupault

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The figure and work of Philippe Soupault is recognised within surrealism of French expression as both a founding “center” and one—although only one—of the various paths the movement subsequently invented: oneirism characterizes his work...

Guillaume Apollinaire

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Guillaume Apollinaire coined the word ‘surréaliste’ to describe a play that was neither symbolic nor idealist: his own play Les Mamelles de Tirésias, first performed in 1917. The encouragement Guillaume Apollinaire created for surrealists...

Isidore Ducasse

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Isidore Ducasse was born on April 4, 1846 in Montevideo (Uruguay). His father, François Ducasse, emigrated to “Amérique Méridionale” or “Banda Oriental” (as Uruguay was then called), became a clerk and then a chancellor at the French...

Beauty

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The First World War-era neologism “surrealism” results directly from a history of heated debates about aesthetic definitions and applications of beauty in late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century France. Above all, surrealist beauty...

Parapsychology

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...I think we owe more than is generally conceded to what William James justly called the gothic psychology of F.W.H. Myers which, in an entirely new and still more exciting world, led us to the admirable explorations of Théodore Flournoy...

Philosophy

Georges Sebbag

A writer with a doctorate in philosophy, Georges Sebbag participated in the activities of the surrealist group in Paris from 1964 to 1969. He has written texts on time and many books about surrealism. His most recent are Potence avec paratonnerre, Surréalisme et philosophie (2012) and Foucault Deleuze, Nouvelles Impressions du Surréalisme (2015). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Surrealism is at once a reality, an idea, and an imaginary. A historical reality: an international movement of poets and artists. A philosophical concept: the resolution of the antinomies of reason. An imagination in practice...

Charles Baudelaire

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Among those who appear in the surrealist pantheon from the beginning, Charles Baudelaire occupies an eminent position. Along with Rimbaud, who saw him as the “first clairvoyant, the king of poets, a true God,” and Lautréamont and Nerval...

Automatism

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...In 1889, Pierre Janet published L’automatisme psychologique, a work based on his clinical research with patients diagnosed as hysterics. Janet had observed them exhibiting both a “primary” and a “secondary consciousness,” in such a manner...

The City

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Although the city was not a clearly defined category within surrealism, the modern urban environment, with its shop windows, billboards, kiosks, cafes, and inhabitants, functioned as a field of encounters, an unpredictable labyrinth open...

Psychoanalysis

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Surrealism in France, as a movement of thought and not only as a means of poetic and artistic expression, has been in constant dialogue with nascent psychoanalysis, which emanated from institutional psychiatry in the early decades...