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Benjamin Péret

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...When asked in 1934 “What is Surrealism?” André Breton answered: “the beauty of Benjamin Péret upon hearing the words family, religion or country”. Paul Éluard, who collaborated with him in “bringing up to date” 152 proverbs had...

Design

Krzysztof Fijalkowski

Krzysztof Fijalkowski is Professor of Visual Culture at Norwich University of the Arts, UK, and has published widely on international surrealism. As an artist and writer, he has also participated in the activities of contemporary surrealist groups. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Other essays in this volume deal with specific aspects of design, but the aim here is to consider some underlying questions concerning the relationship between surrealism and design. If this has rarely been investigated, this echoes...

Power

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The Controversy of Power 1994: 89, translation modified “Freedom isn’t a reward for revolt. Freedom is revolt.” The last sentences spoken by the anarchist Nicola Sacco before his execution. “Rebellion is its own justification, completely...

Myth

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Following the end of the Second World War, André Breton announced that surrealism would undergo a certain change in direction and occupy itself with the search for a new myth. But while the wartime and post-war periods marked surrealism...

Taoism

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Although André Breton could say in the Second Manifesto of Surrealism that “when it comes to revolt, none of us must have any need of ancestors” (Breton, 1969b: 127), the surrealists have never stopped looking through the history of ideas...

Industrial Workers of the World

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) was founded in Chicago, Illinois in 1905 by a diverse array of radical unionists. In the fighting spirit of “revolutionary unionism,” the IWW Preamble emphatically states: “The working class...

Mandrágora

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Mandrágora, Chile’s foremost artistic movement of the twentieth century, finds its origins at in the chance meeting in high school of Braulio Arenas, Enrique Gómez-Correa, and Teófilo Cid. “Mandrágora came directly out of surrealism,” says...

Beauty

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The First World War-era neologism “surrealism” results directly from a history of heated debates about aesthetic definitions and applications of beauty in late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century France. Above all, surrealist beauty...

Objective Chance

Georges Sebbag

A writer with a doctorate in philosophy, Georges Sebbag participated in the activities of the surrealist group in Paris from 1964 to 1969. He has written texts on time and many books about surrealism. His most recent are Potence avec paratonnerre, Surréalisme et philosophie (2012) and Foucault Deleuze, Nouvelles Impressions du Surréalisme (2015). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...On Monday, January 16, 1922 Louis Aragon, André Breton, and André Derain, having met at the Deux Magots café, noticed that they had all in turn missed their encounter with the same young woman. These three disappointments, which followed...

Poetics

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The art and theory of poetry is fundamental to surrealism and appears prominently even in its earliest manifestations. Unlike Dada, surrealism consistently desired to maintain poetry as a core medium, mode, and tool within its experiments...