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Melusina

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Melusina is a fairy-woman of medieval legend, associated with enchantment, regeneration, and the marvelous. Although certainly derived from an earlier cult of Celtic fertility goddesses, the name itself is first recorded in Jean d’Arras’ La...

Pierre Mabille

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Pierre Mabille, a man of great culture, an inventive doctor, curious about everything, close to the occultist Pierre Piobb, became a high-grade Freemason. He met André Breton and the surrealists in 1934, participated in the review Minotaure...

Valentine Penrose

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Living on the edges: the life of a woman surrealist French poet and collagist Valentine Penrose was one of the first women involved in the Parisian surrealist circle in the 1920s. Born Valentine Boué to a military family, she spent her...

António Maria Lisboa

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...António Maria Lisboa was a Portuguese writer. He is proof of how surrealism would continue to inspire young minds. Not only did the movement offer Lisboa a liberating, alternative space to the hegemony of rational expression in literature...

Ithell Colquhoun

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Ithell Colquhoun was an artist and writer associated with the English surrealist group during the 1930s. She combined a lifelong passion for surrealism and automatic techniques with a fascination for the occult. Colquhoun studied natural...

Gellu Naum

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...In April 1935 in Bucharest, prompted by a poster advertising an art exhibit, Romanian poet Gellu Naum met Victor Brauner at the latter’s show at Galeria Mozart. It so happened that the gallery was empty that day and Brauner approached him...

Kurt Seligmann

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Kurt Seligmann was born in Basel, Switzerland in 1900. He first took up the study of art at the École des Beaux-Arts, Geneva in 1918–19. Due to family obligations, Seligmann left art school and took up the management of his father...

Nanos Valaoritis

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Surrealist trajectories: Athens, London, Paris Valaoritis, perhaps the most well-known living Greek surrealist, first encountered surrealism through his reading of poetry in the Greek review Τα Νέα Γράμματα (The New Letters) in 1936. Born...

Leonora Carrington

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...As with many women surrealists, Carrington is often portrayed as an Alice or Nadja retrouvée in the movement’s history either due to her relationship with the older “white rabbit” Max Ernst who led her to the surrealist “underground...

André Breton

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Encounters The founder and principal theoretician of the surrealist movement, André Breton spent his childhood at Pantin, just outside of Paris, then in Paris itself (though his earliest memories were of family homes in Brittany...