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Marie Wilson

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Before Wilson came into contact with the surrealists in the early 1950s, she grew up in California with her mother and stepfather. Since her early childhood, she “had a pencil and colours” in her hand, hiding her creations “in a little area...

Eduardo Westerdahl

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Founder in the Canary Islands in 1932 of Gaceta de Arte, an important avant-garde journal with an accent on surrealism, he organized the 1935 surrealist exhibition in Tenerife attended by Péret, Breton and Jacqueline Lamba. An artist...

Walter Benjamin

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Overview Although the German-Jewish cultural critic and philosopher Walter Benjamin’s relation to surrealism was peripheral, he was a perceptive early critic of the movement who recognized its significance as a symptom of the modern crisis...

Benjamin Fondane

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The poet Benjamin Wechsler was born in Iaşi / Jassy in what is now Moldova and belongs to that generation of Romanian intellectuals of Jewish origin whose culture comprises several realms: Ashkenazi culture through his father, an eminent...

Roman Erben

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Roman Erben is a poet, prose writer, painter, photographer, designer, and typographer who participated in the Prague group during the 1960s, before emigrating to Germany in 1980. He later took part in the Phases movement. Erben’s theme...

Expressionism

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...When speaking in Barcelona in November 1922, on the eve of the concretization of surrealism as a movement and as an idea, André Breton noted how Cubism, Futurism, and Dada were all “part of a more general movement whose meaning and scope we...

Design

Krzysztof Fijalkowski

Krzysztof Fijalkowski is Professor of Visual Culture at Norwich University of the Arts, UK, and has published widely on international surrealism. As an artist and writer, he has also participated in the activities of contemporary surrealist groups. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Other essays in this volume deal with specific aspects of design, but the aim here is to consider some underlying questions concerning the relationship between surrealism and design. If this has rarely been investigated, this echoes...

Myth

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Following the end of the Second World War, André Breton announced that surrealism would undergo a certain change in direction and occupy itself with the search for a new myth. But while the wartime and post-war periods marked surrealism...

The City

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Although the city was not a clearly defined category within surrealism, the modern urban environment, with its shop windows, billboards, kiosks, cafes, and inhabitants, functioned as a field of encounters, an unpredictable labyrinth open...