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Conroy Maddox

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...A painter, collagist, maker of objects and essayist, Conroy Maddox was the longest-lived and most intransigent torchbearer of surrealist tenets and spirit in England. From his father, who returned from the First World War seriously wounded,...

Petr Král

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...A poet and critical writer, Petr Král is anchored in two countries, the Czech Republic and France, and in two languages: Czech and French. A participant since 1959 in the surrealist spirit as it has been manifest in Czechoslovakia...

Nikos Engonopoulos

Nikos Stabakis

Nikos Stabakis is a translator, writer, and film theorist and a founding member of the Athens surrealist group. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Nikos Engonopoulos was the first Greek surrealist painter, although he is probably most remembered for his poetry. His first two collections attained an emblematic status in Greek culture as the epitome of absurdist humour; while his third...

Meret Oppenheim

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Meret Oppenheim was among the few artists to gain approval in surrealism at an early age. The price she paid was a long-lasting reputation as a surrealist muse. Having come to Paris in 1932 to study art she met Alberto Giacometti, in whose...

Sigmund Freud

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The surrealists, and notably André Breton, have constantly testified to a deep respect for Sigmund Freud. But this respect was not of the same nature as that for other thinkers, from Hegel to Charles Fourier. With Freud, it wasn’t a matter...

Kati Horna

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Born in Budapest, Hungary, the photographer Kati Horna was a central figure of the international surrealist group in Mexico from the 1940s to the 1960s. Horna’s work reflects multiple experiences of displacement through war, and her imagery...

Nanos Valaoritis

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Surrealist trajectories: Athens, London, Paris Valaoritis, perhaps the most well-known living Greek surrealist, first encountered surrealism through his reading of poetry in the Greek review Τα Νέα Γράμματα (The New Letters) in 1936. Born...

Humor

Dawn Ades

Dawn Ades is Professor Emerita at the University of Essex. Her publications include Dada and Surrealism (1974), Photomontage (1976), Salvador Dali (1982), Andre Masson (1994), Marcel Duchamp (with Neil Cox and David Hopkins, 1999), Surrealism in Latin America: Vivisimo muerto (with Rita Eder and Gabriela Speranza) (2012). She has curated or co-curated many major exhibitions on surrealism and linked themes. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Almost all attempts to explain humor fail. One that doesn’t is André Breton’s Anthologie de l’humour noir (Anthology of Black Humor, 1940), not least because as an anthology it operates by example, not by exegesis. As Breton says: “There...

College of ’Pataphysics

Steven Harris

Steven Harris is associate professor in the History of Art, Design and Visual Culture programme at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada. He writes on surrealism and related phenomena. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Pataphysics as a term was introduced to the public in Les Jours et les nuits (Days and Nights), a novel by Alfred Jarry published in 1897, and it was defined in Gestes et opinions du docteur Faustroll, pataphysicien (Exploits and Opinions...

Film Comedy

Nikos Stabakis

Nikos Stabakis is a translator, writer, and film theorist and a founding member of the Athens surrealist group. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The surrealists’ long-standing interest in film comedy, which also informed some of the best-known film-making projects by participants in the movement, poses crucial questions regarding the notions and limitations of popular culture...