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Julien Gracq

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Having experienced the two world wars of the twentieth century, one in his childhood and the other during his time as an enlisted soldier in the army, Julien Gracq belonged to the “second generation” of surrealists who came onto the scene...

Gothic Novel

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Introduction André Breton’s condemnation of the novel, pronounced at length in the first Manifeste du surréalisme (1924), clearly didn’t extend to the English Gothic novel. Even a brief overview of the Gothic in surrealist context must...

Celtism

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...A Refusal of Origin In surrealism the shadow of Celtism is omnipresent in the broad sense of the word. The surrealists have constantly been interested in the Arthurian legends, the myths of the Grail, Melusine or Tristan and Iseult...

The Novel

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Introduction The French surrealist hostility towards the novel as a purely literary artifact without revolutionary value is well documented. As early as 1924, in the first Manifeste du surréalisme, Breton attacked both the realist novel...

Charles Baudelaire

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Among those who appear in the surrealist pantheon from the beginning, Charles Baudelaire occupies an eminent position. Along with Rimbaud, who saw him as the “first clairvoyant, the king of poets, a true God,” and Lautréamont and Nerval...

Néon

Krzysztof Fijalkowski

Krzysztof Fijalkowski is Professor of Visual Culture at Norwich University of the Arts, UK, and has published widely on international surrealism. As an artist and writer, he has also participated in the activities of contemporary surrealist groups. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...“To be nothing, To be everything, To open being.” The masthead of Néon, the recently re-formed Parisian surrealist group’s first journal after the Second World War, declared the movement’s orientation with singular penetration...

Surrealist Patrons and Collectors

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Surrealist activities have been sustained over the years by various figures who have actively supported and promoted them and often entered into complicity with surrealist aims. We give here brief notes on some of the most significant...

Theatre

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...At times the theatre was a controversial domain for the early surrealists, one that fascinated and repelled them in equal measure. The reason for this ambivalence is perhaps conveyed well by the film Les Enfants du Paradis (1945), penned...

Analogon

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...During the first half of 1968 the political situation in Czechoslovakia, for the first time since the Second World War, allowed Vratislav Effenberger to contemplate publication of a surrealist review, to be called Aura. The collective...

Radio and Television

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Radio and television are media into which surrealism has made comparatively few significant interventions, despite radio being invoked by Breton in his early text “Introduction to the Discourse on the Paucity of Reality,” in which he extols...