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  • Max Ernst
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The Image

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Preliminary Words The first thing to be said is that, almost a century after the surrealist adventure began to deal with the phenomenon of the image, and specifically with the “surrealist image,” this has become too vast an area for any...

Paul Klee

Dawn Ades

Dawn Ades is Professor Emerita at the University of Essex. Her publications include Dada and Surrealism (1974), Photomontage (1976), Salvador Dali (1982), Andre Masson (1994), Marcel Duchamp (with Neil Cox and David Hopkins, 1999), Surrealism in Latin America: Vivisimo muerto (with Rita Eder and Gabriela Speranza) (2012). She has curated or co-curated many major exhibitions on surrealism and linked themes. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Paul Klee occupies perhaps the strangest position of any of the artists associated with the surrealist movement. He is one of the very few artists named in the first Surrealist Manifesto, as having something in common with surrealism...

Dada

Dawn Ades

Dawn Ades is Professor Emerita at the University of Essex. Her publications include Dada and Surrealism (1974), Photomontage (1976), Salvador Dali (1982), Andre Masson (1994), Marcel Duchamp (with Neil Cox and David Hopkins, 1999), Surrealism in Latin America: Vivisimo muerto (with Rita Eder and Gabriela Speranza) (2012). She has curated or co-curated many major exhibitions on surrealism and linked themes. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...“How is one to define . . . a movement which cannot be identified with any one personality or place, viewpoint or subject, which affects all of the arts, which has a continually shifting focus and is moreover intentionally negative...

Max Ernst

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Max Ernst was a pivotal member within surrealism’s first generation, and he remained one of the movement’s most creative and experimental visual artists throughout his long career. In an essay published in View (second series, no. 1, 1942),...

Myth

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Following the end of the Second World War, André Breton announced that surrealism would undergo a certain change in direction and occupy itself with the search for a new myth. But while the wartime and post-war periods marked surrealism...

The Unconscious

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The question of the unconscious, of knowing how to envisage what could be functioning without our being aware of it, is omnipresent in surrealism, but neither André Breton nor any of the other main members of the group seem to have clearly...

Dance

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Surrealism and . . . From the first essay on art published by André Breton in 1925 in La Révolution surréaliste the methodology of surrealism was conjunctive: Surrealism and Painting. The conjunction implied distance as also dialogue...

Mandrágora

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Mandrágora, Chile’s foremost artistic movement of the twentieth century, finds its origins at in the chance meeting in high school of Braulio Arenas, Enrique Gómez-Correa, and Teófilo Cid. “Mandrágora came directly out of surrealism,” says...

Musical Performance

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Contrary to common misinformation, music has not only been very much present and important for surrealists throughout the history of the movement, but there have actually been active musicians within it at most times. This is a brief...

Hats

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...In 1920, still a Dada artist in Cologne and working in his father-in-law’s hat-blocking business, the painter Max Ernst made two “peinto-peintures” (collages with over-painting) using cut-outs from millinery catalogues. One of them, The Hat...