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History

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The surrealists’ relationship to history is marked by ambivalence, as evidenced for example in their protean, sometimes conflicting, assessments of historical figures. Consequently, surrealism did not produce a unified theory of history...

Guillaume Apollinaire

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Guillaume Apollinaire coined the word ‘surréaliste’ to describe a play that was neither symbolic nor idealist: his own play Les Mamelles de Tirésias, first performed in 1917. The encouragement Guillaume Apollinaire created for surrealists...

Taoism

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Although André Breton could say in the Second Manifesto of Surrealism that “when it comes to revolt, none of us must have any need of ancestors” (Breton, 1969b: 127), the surrealists have never stopped looking through the history of ideas...

Marcel Duchamp

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Dialog with Surrealism The question of Marcel Duchamp’s relationship to surrealism needs to be considered from several angles. The surrealists, and particularly André Breton, always looked up to Duchamp as both a guiding spirit and fellow...

Troisième Convoi

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Troisième convoi, a literary review founded by Michel Fardoulis-Lagrange and Jean Maquet, published five issues between 1945 and 1951. It emerged at a moment when surrealism’s future was open to question: the Second World War had dispersed...

Dada

Dawn Ades

Dawn Ades is Professor Emerita at the University of Essex. Her publications include Dada and Surrealism (1974), Photomontage (1976), Salvador Dali (1982), Andre Masson (1994), Marcel Duchamp (with Neil Cox and David Hopkins, 1999), Surrealism in Latin America: Vivisimo muerto (with Rita Eder and Gabriela Speranza) (2012). She has curated or co-curated many major exhibitions on surrealism and linked themes. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...“How is one to define . . . a movement which cannot be identified with any one personality or place, viewpoint or subject, which affects all of the arts, which has a continually shifting focus and is moreover intentionally negative...

Window Display

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...During the nineteenth century shop windows assumed a central role promoting commerce in major metropolitan areas. As pedestrian traffic increased along newly designed boulevards so too did opportunities to attract prospective buyers...

Games

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The surrealists, some of whom became cultural theorists of the game, recognized the centrality of games during the rise of fascism in Western Europe. This entry offers a necessarily limited introduction to the vast scope and profound...

Magic

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Surrealism’s conception of magic, which became a key—if contentious—element in the activity of the French group in the post-war era, draws on both “primitive” mythology and occultism. Magic is a notoriously slippery term in scholarly...

The Book

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...There is no single definition of the surrealist book. It can be real (Les Éditions Surréalistes published over sixty books) or imaginary (André Breton dreamed of a book with pages of thick black wool and a wooden gnome for a spine...