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  • Robert Desnos
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Gérard De Nerval

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...“In homage to Guillaume Apollinaire . . ., Soupault and I baptised the new mode of pure expression which we had at our disposal . . . by the name SURREALISM . . . To be even fairer, we could probably have taken over the word SUPERNATURALISM...

Wireless Time/Time Without Strings

Georges Sebbag

A writer with a doctorate in philosophy, Georges Sebbag participated in the activities of the surrealist group in Paris from 1964 to 1969. He has written texts on time and many books about surrealism. His most recent are Potence avec paratonnerre, Surréalisme et philosophie (2012) and Foucault Deleuze, Nouvelles Impressions du Surréalisme (2015). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...[Translators’ note: the French term “sans fil” presents difficulties in English for its double meaning of “radio,” or formerly “wireless,” and “without strings or wires.” We have therefore translated the term differently at different points...

History

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The surrealists’ relationship to history is marked by ambivalence, as evidenced for example in their protean, sometimes conflicting, assessments of historical figures. Consequently, surrealism did not produce a unified theory of history...

Crime & Faits Divers

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The surrealists were interested in sensational crimes, often ones committed through passion and those that were sometimes bizarre. But their curiosity was excited by faits divers (news items) in general: suicide, disappearances, and other...

Robert Desnos

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Towards the end of his abbreviated life, Robert Desnos mused that poetry should be “a chapter of mathematics,” asking in the “Author’s Note” to Fortunes (1942), “Is not poetry also the science of numbers?” (in 1999: 976; my translation...

Popular Culture

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Long before popular culture became a respectable subject of study, after having been taken up by Cultural Studies in the 1960s, it had been a topic of considerable interest for the surrealists. Unlike the proponents of Cultural Studies...

The Unconscious

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The question of the unconscious, of knowing how to envisage what could be functioning without our being aware of it, is omnipresent in surrealism, but neither André Breton nor any of the other main members of the group seem to have clearly...

Desire

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...In an essay written for the Tate Modern exhibition Surrealism Desire Unbound, the critic Hal Foster begins with this peculiar statement: “Everyone knows that the surrealists preached the liberation of desire” (Foster, 2001: 203...

Chanson

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Chanson, perhaps the quintessential twentieth-century French popular music form, has not received systematic surrealist attention despite being a potential example of a popular accomplice.Although a longer history is claimed for it,...

Parapsychology

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...I think we owe more than is generally conceded to what William James justly called the gothic psychology of F.W.H. Myers which, in an entirely new and still more exciting world, led us to the admirable explorations of Théodore Flournoy...