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Nicolas Calas

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Nicolas Calas was a member of the Breton circle from 1934, and one of the main points of contact between the Paris and Athens groups, along with Andreas Embirikos. Calas moved to Paris permanently in 1938, fleeing from the Metaxas...

Dialectic

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Surrealist interest in dialectic as a methodology was an inherent part of its practice almost from the beginning. No doubt this interest first arose from the revelation of its discovery of the work of the Comte de Lautréamont/Isidore...

The Unconscious

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The question of the unconscious, of knowing how to envisage what could be functioning without our being aware of it, is omnipresent in surrealism, but neither André Breton nor any of the other main members of the group seem to have clearly...

Greece

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...From its first interwar manifestations to its post-war expressions and through its contemporary reworking, surrealism in Greece is a highly protean movement characterized by fluidity and flexibility in keeping with French surrealism, after...

Minotaure

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The deluxe review Minotaure came into existence in 1933 as a collaborative project between the Swiss art publisher Albert Skira, the art critic E. Tériade, and the surrealist poets and painters guided by André Breton. Successor of the more...

USA

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The United States of America did not loom large in the surrealist imaginary during the first decades of the movement’s existence. In the second half of the twentieth century, North America’s impact on surrealism’s history was much greater...

Contre-Attaque

Steven Harris

Steven Harris is associate professor in the History of Art, Design and Visual Culture programme at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada. He writes on surrealism and related phenomena. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Contre-Attaque (Counter-Attack) was an ephemeral political grouping that existed between October 1935 and May 1936; its purpose was to push the Popular Front, which had been formed the previous July to counter the rise of fascism in France,...