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Claude Cahun

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...If Claude Cahun’s active participation in surrealist activities came relatively late (she was thirty-eight years old in 1932), the sympathy she testified for it from the outset was precocious, and was constantly reaffirmed. In a letter...

Power

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The Controversy of Power 1994: 89, translation modified “Freedom isn’t a reward for revolt. Freedom is revolt.” The last sentences spoken by the anarchist Nicola Sacco before his execution. “Rebellion is its own justification, completely...

Objective Chance

Georges Sebbag

A writer with a doctorate in philosophy, Georges Sebbag participated in the activities of the surrealist group in Paris from 1964 to 1969. He has written texts on time and many books about surrealism. His most recent are Potence avec paratonnerre, Surréalisme et philosophie (2012) and Foucault Deleuze, Nouvelles Impressions du Surréalisme (2015). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...On Monday, January 16, 1922 Louis Aragon, André Breton, and André Derain, having met at the Deux Magots café, noticed that they had all in turn missed their encounter with the same young woman. These three disappointments, which followed...

Woman

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...“Unlike most twentieth-century cultural and political currents,” Penelope Rosemont (1998: xxx), co-founder of the Chicago Surrealist Group, wrote in 1997, “the Surrealist Movement has always opposed overt as well as de facto segregation...

Charles Baudelaire

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Among those who appear in the surrealist pantheon from the beginning, Charles Baudelaire occupies an eminent position. Along with Rimbaud, who saw him as the “first clairvoyant, the king of poets, a true God,” and Lautréamont and Nerval...

Masks

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The mask is inherent to the surrealist conception of identity. In her discussion of the surrealist poets’ frequent citation and rewriting of their predecessors’ texts, Elsa Adamowicz compares this practice of authorial travesty...

Childhood

Krzysztof Fijalkowski

Krzysztof Fijalkowski is Professor of Visual Culture at Norwich University of the Arts, UK, and has published widely on international surrealism. As an artist and writer, he has also participated in the activities of contemporary surrealist groups. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Childhood has a sovereign value for surrealism. In the face of the failed priorities of the contemporary world, the first Manifesto’s opening paragraph specifies childhood—a state every one of us has known—as the first and defining...

Photography

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...In the winter of 2009/10, the Centre Pompidou in Paris mounted the exhibition La Subversion des images, certainly the most compendious showing of surrealist photography yet assembled. There were over 400 images and other artifacts...

Contre-Attaque

Steven Harris

Steven Harris is associate professor in the History of Art, Design and Visual Culture programme at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada. He writes on surrealism and related phenomena. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Contre-Attaque (Counter-Attack) was an ephemeral political grouping that existed between October 1935 and May 1936; its purpose was to push the Popular Front, which had been formed the previous July to counter the rise of fascism in France,...

Fashion

Krzysztof Fijalkowski

Krzysztof Fijalkowski is Professor of Visual Culture at Norwich University of the Arts, UK, and has published widely on international surrealism. As an artist and writer, he has also participated in the activities of contemporary surrealist groups. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...In its concern for what is deep-seated but not yet revealed, for that which is never fashionable, surrealism may be judged an antonym of the term “fashion” (albeit that this statement begins to blur the distinction between a specific...