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Aimé Césaire

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Aimé Césaire was a preeminent figure in francophone letters who lived and worked in the French Caribbean island of Martinique. This was the “native land” (“pays natal”) of his best-known poem, Cahier d’un retour au pays natal (Notebook...

Tropiques

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Tropiques was a journal published in Martinique between 1941 and 1945 and edited by Aimé Césaire, Suzanne Césaire, and René Ménil. At the time Martinique was a French overseas department and thus subject to the collaborationist Vichy rule...

Mandrágora

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Mandrágora, Chile’s foremost artistic movement of the twentieth century, finds its origins at in the chance meeting in high school of Braulio Arenas, Enrique Gómez-Correa, and Teófilo Cid. “Mandrágora came directly out of surrealism,” says...

The Caribbean

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...While surrealism took shape in Europe in the aftermath of the First World War, in the Caribbean and South America it produced a long and sustained dialogue on questions of the relationship between Europe and its colonial others...

Vodou

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Vodou, the religion of Haiti organized around an expansive realm of lwa (spirits), formed during the country’s French colonial period, was an important component of the anti-colonial, anti-slavery revolution of 1791–1804. Vodou’s sèvitè...

The Primitive

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Our Integral Primitivism For surrealism the primitive was both a critical force to challenge and disrupt the values of Western civilization and part of an enduring engagement with alterity and difference. It encompassed not only...

VVV

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...VVV was the publication of the émigré surrealists during their wartime exile in New York. Edited by David Hare, with André Breton, Max Ernst, and later Marcel Duchamp acting as editorial advisers, it ran for four issues, with issue 2–3...

L’archibras

Georges Sebbag

A writer with a doctorate in philosophy, Georges Sebbag participated in the activities of the surrealist group in Paris from 1964 to 1969. He has written texts on time and many books about surrealism. His most recent are Potence avec paratonnerre, Surréalisme et philosophie (2012) and Foucault Deleuze, Nouvelles Impressions du Surréalisme (2015). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The Surrealist group in Paris founded the journal L’Archibras after André Breton’s death. This was a word designated by Charles Fourier for an oversized and powerful arm with which people in Harmony would be naturally endowed...