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Victor Brauner

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Victor Brauner, a surrealist painter? Yes, and no. He wouldn’t be the last to contest the pertinence of the description. He saw surrealism as a morality, not as a party: “It’s a movement,” he told a journalist in 1965, “that has brought...

Myth

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Following the end of the Second World War, André Breton announced that surrealism would undergo a certain change in direction and occupy itself with the search for a new myth. But while the wartime and post-war periods marked surrealism...

Jazz

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...To understand the surrealists’ engagement with jazz, we might begin by considering the performance of a song: Abbey Lincoln’s 1961 recording of “When Malindy Sings” on the album Straight Ahead. Based on a poem by nineteenth-century black...

Troisième Convoi

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Troisième convoi, a literary review founded by Michel Fardoulis-Lagrange and Jean Maquet, published five issues between 1945 and 1951. It emerged at a moment when surrealism’s future was open to question: the Second World War had dispersed...

Romania

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Summary Although there was no self-declared surrealist group in Romania until the 1940s—when Gherasim Luca, Gellu Naum, Virgil Teodorescu, Trost (whose given name Dolfi, for Adolf, he omitted from all his surrealist texts), and Paul Păun...

Néon

Krzysztof Fijalkowski

Krzysztof Fijalkowski is Professor of Visual Culture at Norwich University of the Arts, UK, and has published widely on international surrealism. As an artist and writer, he has also participated in the activities of contemporary surrealist groups. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...“To be nothing, To be everything, To open being.” The masthead of Néon, the recently re-formed Parisian surrealist group’s first journal after the Second World War, declared the movement’s orientation with singular penetration...

Astrology

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Astrology is an ancient science that considers the relation between the constellation of the stars and human destiny. In its essence, its practitioners consider the universe as a single dynamic organism, with man and the stars...

France

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson is Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Cultural Studies at Goldsmiths University of London, UK. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The idea of surrealism can be said to have been involuntarily, if not immaculately, conceived in 1916, when André Breton met Jacques Vaché in a military hospital in Nantes. From that moment it underwent a gestation period of eight years...