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Brassaï

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Born in 1899 in Brassó in Transylvania, Gyula Halász (later Brassaï) was trained as a painter and worked as a photographer, sculptor, and writer. After moving to Paris in 1924, he contributed to Hungarian and German newspapers...

Eugène Atget

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Even though Eugène Atget didn’t belong to the same group of “conspirators of imagination” as the surrealists, his images became “appropriated” by them. He differed from them, of course. He was much older, and he died three years after...

Nature

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The surrealists engage with nature in manifold ways, as both of a response to natural objects and environments and as a critique of the very category of the natural itself. Nature is explored through various perspectives within surrealism...

Animals

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The urban milieu of the city of Paris was both the physical and in no small way the symbolic backdrop against which surrealism unfolded. Its centrality is famously codified in Aragon’s Paris Peasant and Breton’s Nadja as well...

The City

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Although the city was not a clearly defined category within surrealism, the modern urban environment, with its shop windows, billboards, kiosks, cafes, and inhabitants, functioned as a field of encounters, an unpredictable labyrinth open...

Minotaure

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The deluxe review Minotaure came into existence in 1933 as a collaborative project between the Swiss art publisher Albert Skira, the art critic E. Tériade, and the surrealist poets and painters guided by André Breton. Successor of the more...

Photography

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...In the winter of 2009/10, the Centre Pompidou in Paris mounted the exhibition La Subversion des images, certainly the most compendious showing of surrealist photography yet assembled. There were over 400 images and other artifacts...

Alchemy

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Alchemy was one of many esoteric traditions explored by the surrealists, beginning with their early séance-inspired trance sessions during the period of sleeps (époque des sommeils). Literary and visual references can be found...