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  • Avant-garde
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Kansuke Yamamoto

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Kansuke Yamamoto was born in 1914 in Nagoya, a son of the first photography supply shopkeeper in the city. He grew up in a household that cherished photography as a means of artistic practice: his father, Gotō Yamamoto, was a Pictorialist...

Taro Okamoto

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Biographical notes (until 1945) Tarō Okamoto was one of the most celebrated avant-garde artists in Japan in the twentieth century, and the only Japanese painter who participated in the surrealist exhibition held in Paris in 1938. Born...

Joseph Sima

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Joseph Sima’s life can be divided roughly into four periods: the Czech period, which is that of his childhood, about which he would always keep a vivid memory, and also that of his apprenticeship as a painter; the Parisian era, during which...

Paul Păun/Paon

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Paul Paon was a bilingual poet, plastic artist, and also a practicing surgeon. At age 15, he chose the pseudonym Paul PĂun, which he changed to the French spelling, Paon, after emigrating from Romania in 1961. Our text uses the appropriate...

Gherasim Luca

Krzysztof Fijalkowski

Krzysztof Fijalkowski is Professor of Visual Culture at Norwich University of the Arts, UK, and has published widely on international surrealism. As an artist and writer, he has also participated in the activities of contemporary surrealist groups. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Until relatively recently, the name Gherasim Luca was known to only a small group of readers; even within the history of surrealism, as a member of a small, relatively short-lived and poorly-documented Central European group, he might have...

Kotaro Migishi

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Biographical notes Kotaro Migishi was a Japanese painter who, as early as the first half of the 1930s, made surrealist paintings with highly poetic imagery. Inspired by European avant-garde movements, his style underwent many radical...

António Pedro (Da Costa)

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The twentieth century saw some multidisciplinary artists in Portugal. António Pedro was among them. A thinker and man of action, he displayed an uncommon but fertile creativity, along with an entrepreneurial streak, constantly seeking...

Dušan Matić

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Dušan Matić belongs to the generation of avant-garde Serbian poets, thinkers and essayists who appeared on the scene in the first decade after the First World War and left their stamp on surrealism. His interest in poetic experiment...

René Magritte

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The Belgian artist René Magritte is one of the most recognisable of the painters associated with surrealism. His popularity is largely due to the immediacy of his images which are easily legible, often witty, sometimes provocative, always...

Nakaji Yasui

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 3 : Surrealists M – Z

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Nakaji Yasui was born in Osaka in 1903, one of four children of a paper merchant. The family’s business, established in 1891, also traded in Western-type paper and for that reason foreigners often visited their home. On one of those visits...