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Paul Éluard

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 2 : Surrealists A–L

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Eugène-Émile Grindel, known as Paul Éluard, was the only child of a property developer active in the northern suburbs of Paris, where he grew up in a working-class family that became affluent. Although he joined the family business, Éluard...

Crime & Faits Divers

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The surrealists were interested in sensational crimes, often ones committed through passion and those that were sometimes bizarre. But their curiosity was excited by faits divers (news items) in general: suicide, disappearances, and other...

Guillaume Apollinaire

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Guillaume Apollinaire coined the word ‘surréaliste’ to describe a play that was neither symbolic nor idealist: his own play Les Mamelles de Tirésias, first performed in 1917. The encouragement Guillaume Apollinaire created for surrealists...

Love

Georges Sebbag

A writer with a doctorate in philosophy, Georges Sebbag participated in the activities of the surrealist group in Paris from 1964 to 1969. He has written texts on time and many books about surrealism. His most recent are Potence avec paratonnerre, Surréalisme et philosophie (2012) and Foucault Deleuze, Nouvelles Impressions du Surréalisme (2015). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The surrealists invented or reconceived at the same time the formal collage that subverted the fine arts, the emotional collage that electrifies individuals, and the temporal collage that magnetizes bursts of duration. There would...

Philosophy

Georges Sebbag

A writer with a doctorate in philosophy, Georges Sebbag participated in the activities of the surrealist group in Paris from 1964 to 1969. He has written texts on time and many books about surrealism. His most recent are Potence avec paratonnerre, Surréalisme et philosophie (2012) and Foucault Deleuze, Nouvelles Impressions du Surréalisme (2015). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Surrealism is at once a reality, an idea, and an imaginary. A historical reality: an international movement of poets and artists. A philosophical concept: the resolution of the antinomies of reason. An imagination in practice...

The Primitive

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Our Integral Primitivism For surrealism the primitive was both a critical force to challenge and disrupt the values of Western civilization and part of an enduring engagement with alterity and difference. It encompassed not only...

Charles Baudelaire

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...Among those who appear in the surrealist pantheon from the beginning, Charles Baudelaire occupies an eminent position. Along with Rimbaud, who saw him as the “first clairvoyant, the king of poets, a true God,” and Lautréamont and Nerval...

Madness

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The surrealists’ relationship to madness was fraught with complications and complexities, so much so that it may be best summarized by Salvador Dalí’s remark that the only difference between himself and a madman was that he was not mad...

Hats

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...In 1920, still a Dada artist in Cologne and working in his father-in-law’s hat-blocking business, the painter Max Ernst made two “peinto-peintures” (collages with over-painting) using cut-outs from millinery catalogues. One of them, The Hat...

Poetics

The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism Volume 1 : Movements

Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2019

Encyclopedia Article

...The art and theory of poetry is fundamental to surrealism and appears prominently even in its earliest manifestations. Unlike Dada, surrealism consistently desired to maintain poetry as a core medium, mode, and tool within its experiments...